Occupational Health: Core Areas of Knowledge and Competence

It is not possible to describe a highly complex and dynamic process like occupational health nursing simply in terms of its primary activities or jobs. Occupational Health Nurse (OHA) continuously acquire new skills changing their practices to meet changing needs, and coming up with innovative ways of solving problems . Their practice isn’t static but continually improving upon the essential skills. Visit:- https://caongua.vn/

But, within this limit the ability is there to describe those areas of knowledge and skills that occupational health nurses use. The following list is not meant to be comprehensive however it is intended to provide an idea of the diverse variety of abilities that occupational health nurses demonstrate during their daily work.

The Clinician

Primary prevention

The OHA is proficient in the primary prevention of injury or disease. Nurses can identify the need for, and evaluate and design interventions, for example modify working environments, systems of work or change working practices so as to minimize the risk of exposure to dangers. The occupational health nurse is skilled in taking into consideration factors including human behavior and lifestyles in relation to the working environment. They can also be involved in the identification, understanding and modification of workplace issues and the selection of personal protective equipment, prevention of industrial injuries and diseases, and also provide advice in matters concerning protection of the environment. Because of occupational health nurses’ close relationship with the workers, and expertise and knowledge of the workplace They have the ability to spot the early signs of changes in workplace practices, identify workers concerns over safety and health and present these to management in a non-biased and objective manner can be the trigger for changes at the workplace which result in primary prevention.

Emergency care

OHA OHA is a registered nurse with a great deal of clinical experience and expertise in caring for injured or sick patients. The nurse may, where these duties are part of their duties, provide medical attention for workers injured at work prior to the transfer of the injured worker to a hospital or the arrival of the emergency medical services. When hazardous conditions exist at work, or the workplace is far removed from other health care facilities, this role will form the bulk of an occupational health nurse’s duties. Health professionals working in oil rigs in desert or in regions where health care systems are not yet fully developed will have a good understanding of a array of emergency procedures and may have developed specific skills to fulfill this role. Others, who work in settings in which emergency services are readily available, they can simply offer an additional degree of assistance beyond that offered by the industrial first aid.

Nursing diagnosis

Occupational health nurses are experienced in assessing client’s health care requirements, establishing an appropriate nursing diagnosis, and developing suitable nursing plans, working with the client or group of clients and their respective groups, to meet these needs. Nurses are able to implement and evaluate the effectiveness of nursing interventions to fulfill the objectives of the care. The nurse plays an important task in assessing the requirements of groups and individuals, and is able to analyse, interpret, and plan and implement strategies for achieving specific objectives. By using the nursing process the nurse can contribute to workplace health management and by this, helps improve the overall health of the community at the floor. Nursing diagnosis is a holistic concept that doesn’t concentrate solely on the treatment of one specific illness however, instead it considers the whole person and their health needs within a broad context. It is a health-based model instead of one based on disease. nurses have the expertise to apply this approach with the people they care for.

General health advice, and health assessment

The OHA will be able to give advice on a wide variety of health-related issues, especially in relation to work-related health, performance and safety at work or in situations where changes to the job or workplace environment can be considered to take into account of the health conditions of employees.

In many ways, employers aren’t only concerned with only those conditions caused directly by work, but do want their occupational health personnel to be able to tackle any health-related issues that may arise that might affect employees’ attendance or performance at work Many employees appreciate this level of help being offered at the workplace since it’s extremely convenient for them. Particularly, the introduction of health services for working men, younger populations and those from ethnic groups is the most effective in reaching these sometimes difficult to reach groups.

Research and the use of evidence based practice

In addition to utilizing information and the knowledge gained from research in a variety of fields to support actions that are related to the occupational health aspect of their duties occupational health nurses employ all the research data found in many fields to help support the general health of the working population.


Occupational health policy, and practices development and implementation, and evaluation

The occupational health nurse specialist could be involved, along with upper management within the company in the creation of the workplace health policy and strategy that includes aspects that relate to health and safety in the workplace, workplace health promotion and the management of environmental health. A OH nurse will be in a good position to assist management in the implementation monitor and evaluate workplace health management strategies and fully participate in each of these stages. The ability to fulfill this role will be contingent upon the degree of education and skills, and experiences.

Assessment of occupational health

OHA’s may play an important role in health assessment for fitness to work, pre-employment or pre-placement examinations regular health exams and individual health assessments for lifestyle risk factors.

Collaboration with an occupational physician could be necessary in many instances depending on the current legislation and practice accepted. The nurse can play a significant role in the workplace where informal requests for information, advice regarding health-related issues and health-related problems are brought to light. The nurse is able look over the specific person or group of workers as they come into contact with a particular hazard and initiate appropriate targeted health assessments when necessary. The activities are usually but not necessarily conducted in conjunction with the medical advisor so that when issues are discovered, a secure method for referrals to the appropriate medical professional is in place.

Health surveillance

When workers are exposed to an amount of risk of exposure and health monitoring is required by law the OHA will be involved in carrying out routine health surveillance as well as periodic health assessments and in assessing the outcomes of these screening procedures. Nurses will require a high degree of clinical expertise when performing health surveillance. They must also maintain a high degree of alertness to any abnormal findings. Early referral to an occupational health physician or other appropriate specialist is an obligation of the occupational health nurse when any anomalies are detected. The nurse will be involved in assisting the worker through any subsequent examination or investigation, and may help to monitor their health on return to work. When they are alerted of the possibility of an adverse health repercussion, The occupational health specialist is a good position to coordinate efforts to revise working methods so that they can protect those who are similarly affected.

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